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GEOGRAPHY
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nation

GEOGRAPHY

Myanmar, a republic in South-East Asia, bounded on the north by Tibet Autonomous Region of China; on the east by China, Laos, and Thailand; on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal; and on the west by the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh, and India. It is officially known as the Union of Myanmar. The coastal region is known as Lower Myanmar, while the interior region is known as Upper Myanmar. The total area of the country is 676,552 square km (261,218 square miles).

A horseshoe-shaped mountain complex and the valley of the Ayarwaddy (Irrawaddy) River system are the dominant topographical features of Myanmar. The mountains of the northern margin rise to 5881 meters (19,296 ft) atop Hkakabo Razi, the highest peak in Southeast Asia. The two other mountain systems have northern to southern axes. The Arakan Yoma range, with peaks reaching more than 2740 meters (about 9000 ft), forms a barrier between Myanmar and the subcontinent of India. The Bilauktaung range, the southern extension of the Shan Plateau, lies along the boundary between southwestern Thailand and southeastern Lower Myanmar. The Shan Plateau, originating in China, has an average elevation of about 910 meters (about 3000 ft).

Generally narrow and elongated in the interior, the central lowlands attain a width of about 320km (about 200 miles) across the Ayarwaddy-Sittaung delta. The delta plains, extremely fertile and economically the most important section of the country, cover an area of about 46,620 sq. km (18,000 sq. ml.). Both the Arakan (in the northwest) and the Tenasserim (in the southwest) coasts of myanmar are rocky and fringed with islands. The country has a number of excellent natural harbours.

CLIMATE

Myanmar is an all year round destination. Hilly regions in the north and northeast enjoy cool temperate weather. Rainfall is also very low in central regions the rainy season.

POPULATION

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar has a population of over 60 million. The major racial groups are Bamar, Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. The people are called Myanmar.

RELIGION

Over 80 percent of Myanmar embraces are Theravada Buddhism. There are Christians, Muslims, Hindus and some animists.

LANGUAGE

Predominantly Myanmar (Bamar) and ethnic minorities speaking Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Shan and other 135 hill-tribe dialects and also Cantonese, Mandarin, Hindustani, Urdu spoken Chinese and Indian Immigrants. Being once a British colony English is also widely spoken.

CULTURE

Myanmar lies on the crossroad of two of the world's great civilizations - China and India - but its culture is neither that of India nor that of China exclusively, but a blend of both interspersed with Myanmar native traits and characteristics. Buddhism has great influence on daily life of the Myanmar. The people have preserved the traditions of close family ties, respect for the elders, reverence for Buddhism and simple native dress. Myanmars are contented and cheerful even in the face of adversities and known for their simple hospitality and friendliness.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

Myanmar has a long history and its greatness dates back to the early 11th Century when King Anawrahta unified the country and founded the First Myanmar Empire in Bagan more than 20 years before the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. The Bagan Empire encompassed the areas of the present day Myanmar and the entire Menam Valley in Thailand and lasted two centuries. The Second Myanmar Empire was founded in 16th Century by King Bayinnaung styled Branginoco by the Portuguese. King Alaungpaya founded the last Myanmar Dynasty in 1752 and it was during the zenith of this Empire that the British moved into Myanmar Wars in 1825. During The Second World War, Myanmar was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 till the return of the Allied Forces in 1945. Myanmar becomes a sovereign independent state in January 1948 after more than 100 years of colonial administration.

CURRENCY

The local currency is the “Kyat” which is divided into 100 pyas. Kyat notes are issued in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 15, 20, 45, 50, 90, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 5000 and 10000.

BUSINESS HOURS

Banks : 09:30 - 15:00           Mon - Fri
Offices : 09:30 – 16:30           Mon - Fri

AIRPORT TAX

10US Dollars for departure at the international gateways.

CUSTOMS

Foreign currencies (above USD 2000), jewellery, cameras and electronic goods must be declared to the customs at the Airport. Exports of antiques and archaeologically valuable items are prohibited.

FOREIGN EXCHANGE CERTIFICATE (FEC)

Foreign Exchange Certificate, issued for the convenience of visitors, is accepted by hotels, airlines, travel agencies, taxis, restaurants and convenient for entrance fees to pagodas, museums, parks, etc. FECs are issued in US $1,$5, $10 and $20 denominations and it can be exchanged at Yangon International Airport.

HEALTH

Ministry of Health has been implementing better health care management system and the international health regulation for the support of health tourism. There are points of entry health services at the international airports and passengers are requested to fill in the health declaration form.

 

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Useful Myanmar Phrases

Auspicious to you all
Mingalar Bad


How are you?
nei kaun: ye. la:


Good morning
mingala nan ne khin: ba


Good evening
kaun: tho: nya. nei khin: ba


Good night/Good Bye
thwa: bi


Thank you
kyei: zu: tin ba de


Thank you very much
kyei: zu: amya: gyi: tin ba de


I cannot speak Myanmar
Myanmar lo matat' bu:


Do you understand?
khamya: na: le tha la:


May I take a photograph?
da' poun yai' lo. ya. mala:


May I use the telephone?
te li hpon: thoun: lo. ya. ma. la:


Where is the restroom?
ein tha be ma shi. tha le:


How much?
be lau' le:


What's that?
e: da ba le:


Very expensive
zei: mya: de


See you again
noun gya. thei: da paw.


Please to meet you.
twei. ya. da wan: tha ba de


Good luck
kan kaun: ba zei


Sorry
sel' mashi ba ne.


Excuse me
thi: khan ba


It's all right.
ya ba de


Yes (Male)
hou' ke khin bya.


Yes (Female)
hou' ke shin.


No
hin. in:


Really?
da ge la:


It's impossible.
ma hpyi' nain bu:


Possibly
hpyi' nain ba de


I beg your pardon (Male)
khin mya (?)


I beg your pardon (Male)
Shin (?)


Can I help you?
ku nyi ba ya. zei


Help!
kegya. ba oun:


Beautifull
hla. lai' ta


I want...
...gyin de


Directions

I want to go...
... go thwa: gyin ba de


Where is...?
...be na: ma le:


Turn left
be be cho:


Turn right
nya be cho:


Straight ahead
te, de. thwa: ba


Stop here
dima ya' ba


Slow down
hpyei: byei:


Be careful
tha di: hta: ba


Be careful, don't drive too fast
tha di: hta: ba: phyie: byei: maun:


Turn back
pyan hie:


Turn back
pyan hie:


How much do I owe you?
be lau' kya. tha le:


Keep the change
maan: ne. daw


Places

Airport
lei zei


Bus Station
ba saka: hma' tain


Railway Station
buda youn


Hotel
hou te


Embassy
than youn:


Hospital
hsei: youn


Clinic
hsei: gan:


Police Station
ye: sa khan:


Post Office
sa dai


Market
zei:


River Boat jetty
thin: baw: zei'


Guest house
e. yei' tha


Restaurant
sa: thau' hsain


Travel Related Links

Association of Southeast Asia NationsASEAN
Association of Southeast Asia Nations
www.aseansec.org


Association of Southeast Asia NationsASEAN
Association of Sou<<4R543W90-=98theast Asia Nations
www.aseansec.org

Pacific Asia Travel AssociationPacific Asia Travel Association
http://www.pata.org/

Myanmar Hotelier Association
Myanmar Hotelier Association

http://www.myanmarhotelier.org



  MTFMyanmar Tourism Federation
  http://www.myanmar.travel/

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Building No. (33), Nay Pyi Taw, Union of Myanmar.
Union of Myanmar.

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Tel: 95 67 406129, 406130,
406460, 406244
www.myanmartourism.org

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